The myth of greek nature goddesses persephone and demeter

This SpiritualRay article features some interesting myths and facts about this Greek goddess. With this bit of information, Demeter hastened to Helios the Sunwho informed her that Hades had abducted her daughter and taken her forcibly to the Underworld. It seems that the cult was connected with the underworld and with an agrarian magic.

Persephone, Queen of the Underworld

Seated goddess, probably Persephone on her throne in the underworld, Severe style ca —60, found at TarentumMagna Graecia Pergamon MuseumBerlin Queen of the Underworld[ edit ] Persephone held an ancient role as the dread queen of the Underworld, within which tradition it was forbidden to speak her name.

Greek geographer, Pausanias, in one of his travelogues, Description of Greece, has mentioned a story of the rape of Demeter by Poseidon God of the Sea.

Red poppy is a flower, sacred to her. At the beginning of the autumn, when the corn of the old crop is laid on the fields, she ascends and is reunited with her mother Demeter, for at this time the old crop and the new meet each other. One day, as she was gathering flowers in the Nysian meadow with her maidens, she wandered apart from the group ensnared by the sudden blooming of a glorious fragrant flower some say it was a narcissus.

The Great Goddesses, in Arcadia. The fields of grain and the threshing-floor were under her protection. Thesmophoria Kore, daughter of Demeter, celebrated with her mother by the Thesmophoriazusae women of the festival.

Chthonia "in the ground"chthonic Demeter in Sparta. In this form, she was portrayed as a woman with a mare's head with a mane made of intertwined snakes. She taught Triptolemus and Celeus her sacred rites. With Zeus' consent, Hades abducted Persephone, raped her, and then took her to his realm, where they got married.

Greek historian, Diodorus Siculus, in his treatise, the Library of History, has written that Demeter was one of the first generation of Olympians, born to the Titans, Cronus and Rhea.

Myths and Legends

Disguised in her grief, the inhabitants nurture this suffering woman. In some representations, she is holding a pomegranate — or even a seed of a pomegranate — symbolizing her marriage to Hades and the Underworld.

The Demophon element may be based on an earlier folk tale. However, when she gets assimilated into the Olympian pantheon, new functions are added to her chthonic character.

They say they named her Black because the goddess wore black clothing. Demeter was granted four months per year with Persephone; her daughter would remain with Hades for the remaining months.

Instead, she taught Triptolemus the secrets of agriculture, and he in turn taught them to any who wished to learn them.


These myths seem to be connected with the first Greek-speaking people who came from the north during the Bronze age. Similar subterranean pithoi were used in ancient times for funerary practices. They are the two Great Goddesses of the Arcadian cults, and evidently they come from a more primitive religion.

The Greeks used to give friendly names to the deities of the underworld. This is an origin story to explain the seasons.

Chloe "the green shoot"[55] that invokes her powers of ever-returning fertility, as does Chthonia. The Curse of Demeter The 2nd century A. Still angry over the abduction of Persephone, Demeter subjected the world to famine. In the form of a stallion, Poseidon caught and covered her.

The most peculiar feature of the Minoan belief in the divine, is the appearance of the goddess from above in the dance. Homer mentions about the founding of these mysteries, and says that these were secret rites which were taught to humans by the goddess herself.

Before her abduction, she is called Kore; and once taken she becomes Persephone 'she who brings destruction'. Helios also told Demeter that all this had happened with the consent of Zeus.

Poseidon represents the river spirit of the underworld and he appears as a horse as it often happens in northern-European folklore.

The two goddesses were not clearly separated and they were closely connected with the springs and the animals. Owing to the fact that the ancient Greeks worshiped a plethora of gods and goddesses, each assigned with a particular function, they also had a list of divinities, major and minor, who looked after agriculture and food production, their main occupations.

Demeter, statue, mid-4th century bc; in the British Museum, London. Discover the myth of Persephone, the Queen of the Underworld The abduction from Hades. According to Greek Mythology, Persephone, the queen of the underworld, was the daughter of Zeus and Demeter, the goddess of harvest and fertility.

The myth of Hades and Persephone is one of the well known Greek myths. Hades was the brother of Zeus and the god of the underworld. Persephone was the daughter of Demeter, the Goddess of nature.

Persephone, Demeter and Hekate are shining examples of the true nature of the great Goddess, understanding the light and dark elements of life and death.

They are independent and extremely powerful. We, as women all embody the maiden, mother and crone. In greek mythology, Persephone is the goddess of the Underworld.

She is the daughter of Zeus and Demeter, goddess of the harvest. this myth was used to explain the changing seasons of spring to winter in nature.

Demeter: Demeter, in Greek religion, daughter of the deities Cronus and Rhea, sister and consort of Zeus (the king of the gods), and goddess of agriculture. Her name indicates that she is a mother. Demeter is rarely mentioned by Homer, nor is she included among the Olympian gods, but the roots of her legend.

In the myth Pluto abducts Persephone to be his wife and the queen of his realm (this is the myth which explains their marriage). Pluto (Πλούτων, Ploutōn) was a name for the ruler of the underworld ; the god was also known as Hades, a name for the underworld itself.

The myth of greek nature goddesses persephone and demeter
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PERSEPHONE - Greek Goddess of Spring, Queen of the Underworld (Roman Proserpina)