The background and history of phoenicia

Wandering from district to district, plundering everywhere, settling nowhere, the clouds of horse passed over Mesopotamia, the force of the invasion becoming weaker as it spread itself, until in Syria it reached its term through the policy of the Egyptian king, Psamatik I. The daughter proceeding from his body, and the daughters of his brothers, for concubines he brought to my presence.

The Late Bronze Age c. Aserymus, after ruling for nine years, was murdered by another brother, Pheles, who, in his turn, succumbed to a conspiracy headed by the High Priest, Eth-baal, or Ithobal.

The Phoenicians

Carthage continued to flourish in Northwest Africa. Fakhr-al-Din had wished to enlist Tuscan or other European assistance in a "Crusade" to free his homeland from Ottoman domination, but was met with a refusal as Tuscany was unable to afford such an expedition. The southern half of present-day Lebanon formed the northern march of the Kingdom of Jerusalem ; the northern half was the heartland of the County of Tripoli.

In addition, the Phoenicians conducted an important transit trade. He had formed an alliance with a certain Sanduarri, king of Kundi and Sizu,[] a prince of the Lebanon, and had set up as independent monarch, probably during the time of the civil way which was waged between Esarhaddon and two of his brothers who disputed his succession after they had murdered his father.


He had seen also that the greater number of the Phoenician towns, if he chose to press upon them with the full force of his immense military organisation, lay at his mercy. Solomon, doubtless by the assistance of shipwrights furnished to him from Tyre, "made a navy of ships at Ezion-Geber, which is beside Eloth, on the shore of the Red Sea, in the land of Edom,"[] and the sailors of the two nations conjointly manned the ships, and performed the voyage to Ophir, whence they brought gold, and "great plenty of almug-trees," and precious stones.

Mamluk rule[ edit ] Muslim control of Lebanon was reestablished in the late 13th century under the Mamluk sultans of Egypt. Lebanon was later contested between Muslim rulers until the Turkish Ottoman Empire solidified authority over the eastern Mediterranean.

Only fragments in the majority of cases found that do not provide sufficient information in how the majority of them may have been originally.

In Late Bronze Age strata at the site of Lachish, archaeologists have found a form of script that is recognized by most scholars as the parent of Phoenician and thence of the Greek and Latin alphabets.

Under his rule, printing presses were introduced and Jesuit priests and Catholic nuns encouraged to open schools throughout the land. This section does not cite any sources.

Bashir Jumblatt, whose wealth and feudal backers equaled or exceeded Bashir II—and who had increasing support in the Druze community. Sennacherib tells us that he took one after another--"by the might of the soldiers of Asshur his lord"[]--Great Sidon, Lesser Sidon, Bit-sette, Zarephath or Sarepta, Mahalliba, Hosah, Achzib or Ecdippa, and Accho--"strong cities, fortresses, walled and enclosed, Luliya's castles.

Fakhr-al-Din, and one or two of his sons, were accused of treason and executed there on 13 April Following Alexander, the Phoenician homeland was controlled by a succession of Macedonian rulers:. Check Full Background Report to see complete work history.

This may contain information such as company name, job title, address, and time period of service. This may contain information such as company name, job title, address, and time period of service. Phoenician History: Selected full-text books and articles.

FREE! History of Phoenicia By George Rawlinson Longmans, Green, Read Overview. FREE! History of Art in Phoenicia and Its Dependencies By Walter Armstrong Chapman and Hall limited, vol.1, Read Overview.

History of Syria.

History of Phoenicia Part 13

The most important Phoenician contribution in the history of art is the creation of a system of alphabetic writing which is the root of the Western alphabet when the Greeks adopted it. What is this site about? PhoeniciaOrg is the largest compilation & repository of studies on the web.

History of Lebanon

It covers extensive and inclusive Canaanite Phoenician information i.e. the origin, history, geography, religion, arts, thinkers, trade, industry, mythology, language, literature, music, wars, archaeology, and culture of this people. The Phoenicians, their cedar ships and sea trade in the ancient Mediterranean, Phoenician alphabet, Phoenicians, Carthage and cities in Phoenicia, Lebanese history and.

Rawlinson's comprehensive history of the Phoenician Empire is a must read for anyone interested in antiquity. From the preface: "Histories of Phoenicia or of the Phoenicians were written towards the middle of the present century by Movers and holidaysanantonio.coms:

The background and history of phoenicia
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Phoenicia | historical region, Asia |