A comparison of two settlements new england and the chesapeake

Significant equality in the size of family property was insured in many parts of New England by an orderly process of land distribution.

In this proprietary system of government, the owners of the charter appointed a governor and a council consisting of men who were landowners who made the day to day governmental decisions that affected the colonies.

The system, never perfect, suffered from periodic abuse and neglect and was regularly circumvented by smugglers. In the New England colonies land was granted to families who joined together to form towns. Settlers who founded the colony of Maryland in quickly began following the example of their Virginia neighbors.

Bythe economies of Virginia and Maryland had come to depend on the labor of lifetime slaves of African descent who cultivated the main export crop. It was intended to be a source of wealth for England by providing cash crops such as tobacco and, eventually, a new market for English goods.

Virginia Company of London established to extract gold from Virginia, created outpost in Jamestown in When the supply of European servants began dwindling afterplanters turned increasingly to African slaves. Religion thus was of secondary importance in the Virginia colony.

Afterhowever, the volume of cheap British imports to the colonies began an exponential rise in what some historians have termed an Anglo-American " commercial revolution. Chesapeake and Southern colonies. As the volume of imports rose and the prices dropped more colonists purchased more goods each year.

They had established trading posts to facilitate the fur trade with the Amerinds which later become the colony of New Netherland. In the South, there was a great divide between the rich and the poor.

More emphasis on the well being of individuals. Their production was oriented toward achieving, not the exorbitant profits sought by great tobacco and sugar planters, but a "competence" in which members and heirs of each household could expect to enjoy an adequate diet, clothing, housing, and the modest comfort and enjoyment of family and community life.

By the sixteenth century, Spain and Portugal had established colonies in South America and as far north as Florida. They made these because the people couldn't be trusted to be free. The New York agricultural economy was distinguished by the great Hudson River estates on which a few large landholding families such as the Livingstons achieved great wealth from the large numbers of tenant farmers who farmed their lands.

Oxford University Press, And while these men were free they didn't want to work, so this began the "starving time". Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it. The Church of England was the established church in Virginia, which meant taxpayers paid for the support of the church whether or not they were Anglicans.

New England and Virginia during the 17th Century Essay

The short winters and warm summers were ideal for growing cash crops such as cotton, tobacco, and rice, all of which were labor intensive. As the number of new indentured laborers declined because of limited chances for advancement and reports of harsh treatment, they were replaced by African slaves.

South Carolinalike Virginia, became a slave society which produced agricultural goods—in this case rice and indigo dye—for a lucrative European market. In the southern colonies, land was allocated directly to individuals in large tracts, mostly to the wealthy and well-connected.

These two people then made the fundamental order of Connecticut and also the blue Laws which relate to the laws in the bible. Then John Smith makes a saying that "he who does not work shall not eat".

The puritans and others came to America because they didn't want to change their religion to the Church of England. - The Chesapeake and New England Colonies: A Comparison During the late 16th century and into the 17th century, European nations rapidly colonized the newly discovered Americas.

England in particular sent out numerous groups to the eastern coast of North America to two regions. Question:compare and contrast the english colonies of the Chesapeake with their counterparts at Massachusetts Bay Homework Help Question compare and contrast the english colonies of the Chesapeake with their counterparts at Massachusetts Bay.

The New England Colonies were mainly agricultural farmers. With all the water reservoirs like Cape Cod there were plenty of fish so lots of people became fishermen. There were a lot of lumberjacks to cut down trees and export them to England.

In a space of two years, however, in andthe Spanish, English, and French founded settlements north of the 30th latitude that survived despite the odds against them—Santa Fé in New Mexico (), Jamestown on the Atlantic coast (), and Quebec on the St.

Lawrence River (). Compare & Contrast between New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies Essay John Smith and William Bradford Essay History of the British Empire: Primary.

Demographics in the colonies: Both the Chesapeake and Southern colonies were made up of a majority of single, young, white men who worked as indentured servants.

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After Bacon’s Rebellion, the Chesapeake and Southern colonies moved towards using enslaved laborers brought from West Africa.

A comparison of two settlements new england and the chesapeake
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The New England Colony - Essay